Calcium reduces CRC risk
As reported in the International Journal of Cancer, there is an 8% reduction in CRC risk with each 300 mg/d increase in calcium intake based on 15 studies involving 12305 patients who took 250-1900 mg of calcium/day over a 3.3-16 year follow-up period. The beneficial effect extended beyond 1000 mg/d.
Risk factors for CHC-related death identified
As reported in the World Journal of Gastroenterology, the following risk factors for chronic hepatitis C (CHC)-related deaths have been identified (n=8250 CHC patients; n=144 CHC-related deaths): α-IFN therapy (AOR=0.53); liver cirrhosis (AOR=2.89); hepatocellular carcinoma versus CHC (AOR=8.82); hypertension (AOR=1.76); alcohol consumption (AOR=1.73); and HBsAg positivity (AOR=22.28).
SCCA-IgM predicts survival in HCC patients
As reported in the Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, SCCA-IgM levels are elevated in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) compared to patients with cirrhosis and healthy controls. Not only does the SCCA-IgM level predict overall and progression-free survival in HCC patients, but the sensitivity of SCCA-IgM in patients with HCC was 2-fold greater than AFP. A decline in SCCA-IgM levels was shown to be associated with response to treatment.