Olfactory detection of prostate cancer by dogs sniffing urine: A step forward in early diagnosis Full Text
Indian Journal of Urology, 10/14/2011
Kumar M et al. – During the testing phase, the dog correctly classified 60 samples out of 66. The three patients who provided the urine samples that were classified as false positive underwent a new biopsy, and one was diagnosed with cancer prostate (PCa). The sensitivity and specificity of the dog for detecting Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the urine was 91% for both.