Complications of fungal cystitis

Current Bladder Dysfunction Reports, 05/30/2013

Fungal infection of the urinary tract is a relatively rare condition. The incidence ranges from 1–2.2 %. Patients who are critically ill, on long–term antimicrobial treatment, who have an indwelling catheter or suffer from diabetes mellitus, are more susceptible to getting fungal infection. Complications of fungal infection of the bladder include emphysematous cystitis, fungus balls (Bezoars and mycetomas), obstructive uropathy, pyelonephritis, papillary necrosis, intrarenal and perinephric abscesses, prostatitis and epididymo–orchitis. The main treatment includes antifungal agents such as fluconazole and surgical intervention.

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