Urethroplasty After Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer
Multiple forms of urethroplasty appear to be viable options in treating radiation–induced urethral stricture.
The authors’ urethroplasty database was reviewed for cases of urethral stricture after radiation therapy for prostate cancer between June 2004 and May 2010.
Patient demographics, prostate cancer therapy type, stricture length and location, and type of urethroplasty were obtained.
All patients received clinical evaluation, including imaging studies post procedure.
Treatment success was defined as no need for repeat surgical intervention.
Twenty–nine patients underwent urethroplasty for radiation–induced stricture.
Previous radiation therapy included external beam radiotherapy (EBRT), radical prostatectomy (RP)/EBRT, EBRT/brachytherapy (BT) and BT alone in 11 (38%), 7 (24%), 7 (24%), and 4 (14%) patients, respectively.
Mean age was 69 (±6.9) years. Mean stricture length was 2.6 (±1.6) cm.
Anastomotic urethroplasty was performed in 76% patients, buccal mucosal graft in 17%, and perineal flap repair in 7%.
Stricture was localized to bulbar urethra in 12 (41%), membranous in 12 (41%), vesicourethra in 3 (10%), and pan–urethral in 2 (7%) patients.
Overall success rate was 90%.
Median follow–up was 40 months (range 12–83).
Time to recurrence ranged from 6–16 months.