Search today's latest Urology news articles updated daily summarizing the most recent top clinical literature from over 2,000 peer-reviewed journals, including Journal of Urology, European Urology, The Prostate, and more. Read coverage of the kidney, bladder, penis/urethra and prostate. View article summaries by subspecialty and disease state, including pediatric urology, urologic oncology, kidney stone disease, infections and STDs, urologic imaging, ureteral disorders, voiding and incontinence, infertility, laparoscopy and other surgical techniques in Urology. Find exclusive content only available to urologic specialists on MDLinx like articles highlighted by physician editor D. Scott Cunningham, MD, PhD, and clinical pearls compiled from The Smartest Doc quiz competitions and Physician Reviews.
Water restriction improves nocturia
As reported in the International Journal of Urology, daytime/night-time water restriction significantly improves nocturia in patients with urine production ≥ 30 mL/kg.
Chromogranin A staining as a biomarker for prostate adenocarcinoma
As reported in The Prostate, chromogranin A (CgA) staining, an indicator of neuroendocrine differentiation, is associated with decreased biochemical control, clinical failure, increased distant metastases, and decreased cause-specific survival in patients with prostate adenocarcinoma and a GS ≥ 7 (n=285). The median follow-up was 6.5 y. CgA staining was present in 31% of specimens. The 10-y distant metastases rate in specimens with <1% and >1% CgA staining was 8% and 48%, respectively. The 10-y cause-specific survival in specimens with <1% and >1% CgA staining was 95% vs. 76%, respectively.
PCA3 useful for early diagnosis of prostate cancer
Based on a meta-analysis reported in the Chinese Medical Journal, prostate cancer antigen 3 (PCA3) can be used for the early diagnosis of prostate cancer and to avoid unnecessary biopsies, with a sensitivity of 0.82, a specificity of 0.962, a positive likelihood ratio of 2.39, a negative likelihood ratio of 0.51, and a diagnostic odds ratio of 4.89.