Outcomes associated with type of intervention and timing in complex pediatric empyema
The American Journal of Surgery, 04/30/2012
Goldin AB et al. – Half of all children with effusion/empyema are treated with antibiotics alone with low morbidity and mortality. Initial video–assisted thoracoscopic surgery or thoracotomy had improved outcomes compared with other interventions. Intervention should not be delayed beyond 7 days.