Effects of an uncertainty management intervention on uncertainty, anxiety, depression, and quality of life of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease outpatients

Research in Nursing & Health, 05/08/2012

Compared with the control group, the intervention group showed significant improvement in uncertainty, coping strategy, anxiety, depression, and the mental health domains of quality of life (QOL) after the intervention, providing the first evidence that uncertainty management can improve the emotional status and QOL of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) outpatients.

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