Prevalence and Psychosocial Determinants of Nicotine Dependence in Nine Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 05/07/2012

High nicotine dependence among men was recorded in a number of study countries. Findings highlight the need for tobacco programmes to target early age smokers and less educated and poorer groups and suggest common ground for programmes seeking to reduce nicotine dependence, harmful alcohol use, and psychological distress.

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