Physiotherapy for juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Zeitschrift für Rheumatologie, 07/03/2012
Spamer M et al. – There are only few controlled studies investigating the effectiveness of physical therapies in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and many strategies are derived from long–standing experience. New results from physiology and sport sciences have contributed to the development in recent years. This report summarizes the basics and main strategies of physical therapy in JIA.
- Control of disease activity and recovery of function are major issues in the treatment of children and adolescents suffering from juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA).
- Functional therapies including physiotherapy are important components in the multidisciplinary teamwork and each phase of the disease requires different strategies.
- While in the active phase of the disease pain alleviation is the main focus, the inactive phase requires strategies for improving motility and function.
- During remission the aim is to regain general fitness by sports activities.
- These phase adapted strategies must be individually designed and usually require a combination of different measures including physiotherapy, occupational therapy, massage as well as other physical procedures and sport therapy.