The current relevance of pharmacogenetics in immunomodulation treatment for crohn's disease
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 07/11/2012
Roberts RL et al. – In this review authors summarise what is known about TPMT deficiency and explore whether there is evidence to support a role of other genetic polymorphisms in predicting the response of CD patients to thiopurine drugs, methotrexate, and anti–tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) therapy.
- No drug therapy is completely risk free, and the costs associated with non–response and adverse effects can exceed the cost of the therapy.
- The ultimate goal of pharmacogenetic research is to find robust genetic predictors of drug response that enable the development of prospective genetic tests to reliably identify patients at risk of non–response or of developing an adverse effect prior to the drug being prescribed.
- Currently, thiopurine S–methyltransferase (TPMT) deficiency is the only pharmacogenetic factor which is prospectively assessed before azathioprine or 6–mercaptopurine immunomodulation is commenced in patients with Crohn's disease (CD).
- As yet no other inherited determinant of drug response has made the transition from bench to bedside for the management of this disease.