Sound Localization in Noise by Normal-Hearing Listeners and Cochlear Implant Users
Ear and Hearing, 07/17/2012
Kerber S et al. – The study is the first to examine sound localization with cochlear implants (CIs) at various signal–to–noise ratios (SNRs) and to compare it with normal hearing. The results confirm that localization with CIs is strongly disrupted in noisy situations. Bilateral CIs were shown to be clearly superior over unilateral CIs for localization in quiet and in noisy situations. With bilateral CIs, localization declined at moderately high absolute noise levels (>63 dB SPL), suggesting that an extension of the acoustic–dynamic range to higher levels would be beneficial. The absence of a relation between speech reception thresholds and spatial resolution highlights the need for additional clinical tests to assess the binaural benefit of a second implant.