Lung function and anxiety in association with dyspnoea: The HUNT study
Respiratory Medicine, 06/20/2012
Leivseth L et al. - Impaired lung function and anxiety symptoms were independently associated with reporting dyspnoea. Within lung function levels, reporting dyspnoea was more common among people with anxiety symptoms than among people without. This suggests that, in addition to its relation to reduced lung function, the subjective experience of breathing discomfort may also influence or be influenced by anxiety.Methods
- The study included 5627 women and 5066 men who participated in the Lung study of the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study second survey in 1995–97.
- In a cross-sectional design the authors used logistic regression to calculate adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for reporting dyspnoea associated with levels of percent predicted FEV1 (ppFEV1) and anxiety (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale).
- Overall, there was a linear inverse association between ppFEV1 and dyspnoea (all Ptrend < 0.001), and a positive association between anxiety symptoms and dyspnoea (all Ptrend < 0.001).
- In combined analysis, using people with ppFEV1 ≥100 without anxiety as reference, the OR (95% confidence interval) for reporting dyspnoea when walking on flat ground was 6.23 (3.45–11.28) in women with ppFEV1 <80 without anxiety and 15.14 (7.13–32.12) in women with ppFEV1 <80 with anxiety.
- The corresponding ORs among men were 5.75 (2.23–14.18) and 15.19 (4.74–48.64), respectively.
- Similar patterns were seen for dyspnoea when sitting still and woken at night by dyspnoea.