Combining escitalopram with gaboxadol provides no additional benefit in the treatment of patients with severe major depressive disorder
International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, 06/22/2012
Kasper S et al. – All active treatment groups were superior in efficacy to placebo and were well tolerated.Methods
- Adult patients were randomized to 8 wk of double–blind treatment with fixed doses of placebo (n=71), escitalopram (20 mg, n=140), escitalopram (20 mg)+gaboxadol (5 mg) (n=139), or escitalopram (20 mg)+gaboxadol (10 mg) (n=140).
- The pre–defined primary analysis of efficacy was an analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) of change from baseline to endpoint (week 8) in Montgomery–Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) total score using last observation carried forward (LOCF).
- There was no statistically significant difference in the mean change from baseline in MADRS total score between the 20 mg escitalopram+10 mg gaboxadol group and the 20 mg escitalopram group [difference=–0.45 MADRS points (95% CI –2.5 to 1.6, p=0.6619, full analysis set (FAS), LOCF, ANCOVA)] at week 8.
- The mean treatment differences to placebo at week 8 were –5.6 (95% CI –8.0 to –3.1, p<0.0001) (20 mg escitalopram), –5.1 (95% CI –7.5 to –2.7, p<0.0001) (20 mg escitalopram+5 mg gaboxadol), and –6.0 (95% CI –8.4 to –3.6, p<0.0001) (20 mg escitalopram+10 mg gaboxadol).
- The most common adverse events reported in the active treatment groups for which the incidence was higher than that in the placebo group, comprised nausea, anxiety and insomnia.
- There were no clinically relevant efficacy differences between a combination of escitalopram and gaboxadol compared to escitalopram alone in the treatment of severe MDD.