Dietary patterns derived from principal component- and k-means cluster analysis: Long-term association with coronary heart disease and stroke
Nutrition, Metabolism & Cardiovascular Diseases,

Stricker MD et al. – PCA and k–means cluster analysis (KCA) found similar underlying patterns with comparable associations with CHD and stroke risk. A prudent pattern reduced the risk of CHD and stroke.

Methods
  • The study was conducted in the EPIC–NL cohort that consists of 40,011 men and women.
  • Baseline dietary intake was measured using a validated food–frequency questionnaire.
  • Food items were consolidated into 31 food groups.
  • Occurrence of CHD and stroke was assessed through linkage with registries.
  • After 13 years of follow–up, 1,843 CHD and 588 stroke cases were documented.
  • Both PCA and KCA extracted a prudent pattern (high intakes of fish, high–fiber products, raw vegetables, wine) and a western pattern (high consumption of French fries, fast food, low–fiber products, other alcoholic drinks, soft drinks with sugar) with small variation between components and clusters.

Results
  • The prudent component was associated with a reduced risk of CHD (HR for extreme quartiles: 0.87; 95%–CI: 0.75–1.00) and stroke (0.68; 0.53–0.88).
  • The western component was not related to any outcome.
  • The prudent cluster was related with a lower risk of CHD (0.91; 0.82–1.00) and stroke (0.79; 0.67–0.94) compared to the western cluster.

Please login or register to follow this author.
Are you sure you want to Unfollow this Author?
► Click here to access PubMed, Publisher and related articles...
<< Previous Article | Next Article >>

    Currently, there are no available articles.

Your Unread Messages in Physician Assistant

See All >> Messages include industry-sponsored communications and special communications from MDLinx

Most Popular Physician Assistant Articles

Indexed Journals in Physician Assistant: Advance for Physicians Assistants, American Family Physicianmore

Register now to view all the MDLinx contents (FREE)!

  • Stay current on the latest literature, research and clinical news
  • Get special communications and offers from MDLinx and our sponsors
  • Receive invitations to paid market research
View Samples and Register

Connect with us, stay current.

Receive the latest mecial news
updates for free via email

Sign up!

Subscribe to our free RSS feeds:

Get the latest news in your specialty automatically added to your newsreader or your personal My Yahoo!, Google, My MSN or My AOL page. Learn More

Close