Muscle-invasive bladder cancer developing after nephroureterectomy for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma
Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations, 05/24/2012
Kim KH et al. – Approximately 5% of the patients developed muscle–invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) after nephroureterectomy with a median interval of 17 months. Patients with advanced pathologic stage and a ureteral tumor location are at increased risk of developing MIBC after nephroureterectomy.