Iatrogenic Complications in Five Patients with Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding due to Ambient Air: Case Series and Literature Review
Case Reports in Gastroenterology, 05/15/2012
Manser CN et al. – All critical incidents were believed to be a consequence of a long–lasting examination with use of too much air. Therefore in emergency situations, endoscopies should be performed with either submersion, low air flow pumps or even better by the use of carbon dioxide.