Effects of macronutrient composition of the diet on body fat in indigenous people at high risk of type 2 diabetes
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 04/06/2012
Brooking LA et al. – While moderate weight loss occurred on both high protein (HP) and HCHF, HP was associated with some further favorable differences compared with the control group.Methods
- Eighty–four participants were randomized to three groups.
- Consecutive 8 week periods of supervised weight loss, supervised weight maintenance and unsupervised adherence to the prescribed diet using culturally sensitive methods were employed in intervention groups.
- Dietary compliance, body composition, blood pressure and metabolic variables were measured.
- Body weight was reduced throughout on HP -2.6 (95% confidence interval: –4.4, –0.8)kg and HCHF (–1.6 (–3.0, –0.3)kg) compared with CONT.
- Total body fat (-1.6 (–3.0, –0.3)kg) and waist circumference (–3.0 (–5.7, –0.2)cm) showed sustained decreases on HP compared with CONT.
- Diet records suggested reasonable compliance with dietary advice on HP. Carbohydrate intake, but not dietary fiber, increased at the expense of fat on HCHF.