Orlistat 60 mg Reduces Visceral Adipose Tissue: A 24-Week Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Multicenter Trial

Obesity, 07/01/2011

Smith SR et al. – This is the first study to demonstrate that orlistat 60 mg significantly reduces visceral adipose tissue (VAT) in addition to total body fat compared to placebo treated subjects after a 24 week weight loss program. These results suggest that orlistat 60 mg may be an effective weight loss tool to reduce metabolic risk factors associated with abdominal obesity.

Methods

  • The effects of orlistat 60 mg on changes in total fat mass (EchoMRI-AH and BIA), ectopic fat (CT) and glycemic variables were assessed.
  • One-hundred thirty-one subjects were randomized into a multicenter, double-blind placebo controlled study in which 123 subjects received at least one post baseline efficacy measurement (intent-to-treat population).

Results

  • Both orlistat-and placebo-treated subjects significantly decreased their VAT at 24 weeks with a significantly greater loss of VAT by orlistat treated subjects (-15.7% vs. -9.4%, P < 0.05).
  • In addition, orlistat-treated subjects had significantly greater weight loss (-5.93 kg vs. -3.94 kg, P < 0.05), total fat mass loss (-4.65 kg vs. -3.01 kg, P < 0.05) and trended to a greater loss of intermuscular adipose tissue and content of liver fat compared with placebo-treated subjects.

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