Update on the treatment and prevention of community-acquired pneumonia in children

U.S. Pharmacist, 04/06/2012

The World Health Organization estimates that more than 150 million cases of pneumonia occur each year in children aged <5 years. Pneumonia is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in this population, resulting in approximately. million deaths annually—more than AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis combined. While pediatric pneumonia is more prevalent and deadly in the developing world, it is common in Europe and North America, occurring at a rate of 4 cases per 100 preschool–aged children, 2 cases per 100 children aged 5 to 9 years, and 1 case per 100 children aged 9 to 15 years.

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