The Association between Skipping Breakfast and Biochemical Variables in Sedentary Obese Children and Adolescents
The Journal of Pediatrics, 06/15/2012
Júnior IFF et al. – Skipping meals, mainly breakfast, is associated with glucose and lipid levels in obese children and adolescents.Methods
- The sample was composed of 174 obese children and adolescents, aged between 6 and 16 years (80 male and 94 female).
- Body composition was assessed by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, fasting blood glucose, and lipid profile were measured after 12 hours fasting.
- The frequency of skipping breakfast, lunch, or dinner was assessed through a face-to-face interview carried out with the parents.
- The prevalence of eating breakfast daily was low in boys (47.5%) and girls (44.7%).
- A higher frequency of eating breakfast was negatively correlated with glucose, triglycerides, and very low density lipoprotein cholesterol.
- In the multivariate model, the weekly frequency of eating breakfast remained negatively associated with glucose, triglycerides, and very low density lipoprotein cholesterol independent of age, sex, trunk fatness, and parents' education.