Risk Factor Changes for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome After Initiation of Back-to-Sleep Campaign
Pediatrics,

Trachtenberg FL et al. – Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) infants in the BTS era show more variation in risk factors. There was a consistently high prevalence of both intrinsic and especially extrinsic risks both before and during the Back–to–Sleep era. Risk reduction campaigns emphasizing the importance of avoiding multiple and simultaneous SIDS risks are essential to prevent SIDS, including among infants who may already be vulnerable.

Methods
  • The San Diego SIDS/Sudden Unexplained Death in Childhood Research Project recorded risk factors for 568 SIDS deaths from 1991 to 2008 based upon standardized death scene investigations and autopsies.
  • Risks were divided into intrinsic (eg, male gender) and extrinsic (eg, prone sleep).

Results
  • Between 1991–1993 and 1996–2008, the percentage of SIDS infants found prone decreased from 84.0% to 48.5% (P < .001), bed-sharing increased from 19.2% to 37.9% (P < .001), especially among infants <2 months (29.0% vs 63.8%), prematurity rate increased from 20.0% to 29.0% (P = .05), whereas symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection decreased from 46.6% to 24.8% (P < .001).
  • Ninety-nine percent of SIDS infants had at least 1 risk factor, 57% had at least 2 extrinsic and 1 intrinsic risk factor, and only 5% had no extrinsic risk.
  • The average number of risks per SIDS infant did not change after initiation of the BTS campaign.

Please login or register to follow this author.
Are you sure you want to Unfollow this Author?
► Click here to access PubMed, Publisher and related articles...
<< Previous Article | Next Article >>

Your Unread Messages in Pediatrics

See All >> Messages include industry-sponsored communications and special communications from MDLinx

Most Popular Pediatrics Articles

1 Efficacy of nebulised budesonide versus oral prednisolone in acute severe asthma The Indian Journal of Pediatrics, June 11, 2014    Clinical Article

2 Prophylactic Use of Lactobacillus acidophilus/Bifidobacterium infantis Probiotics and Outcome in Very Low Birth Weight Infants The Journal of Pediatrics, June 6, 2014    Clinical Article

3 Efficacy and safety of Saccharomyces Boulardii for acute diarrhea Pediatrics, June 25, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine    Review Article

4 Behavioral side-effects of levetiracetam in children with epilepsy: A systematic review. Seizure - European Journal of Epilepsy, June 18, 2014    Review Article    Clinical Article

5 Prebiotics in healthy infants and children for prevention of acute infectious diseases: A systematic review and meta-analysis Nutrition Reviews, June 26, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine    Review Article

6 Association of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease with cardiovascular risk factors in obese adolescents: The role of interdisciplinary therapy Journal of Clinical Lipidology, May 23, 2014    Clinical Article

7 Omega-3 fatty acids and asthma in children Allergy and Asthma Proceedings, May 30, 2014    Clinical Article

8 Dexamethasone for acute asthma exacerbations in children: A meta-analysis Full Text Pediatrics, March 3, 2014    Free full text    Evidence Based Medicine    Review Article

9 Pharmacological approach to wheezing in preschool children Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy, May 2, 2014    Clinical Article

10 Prediction of pediatric bipolar disorder using neuroanatomical signatures of the amygdala Bipolar Disorders, June 20, 2014    Clinical Article

11 Prenatal and postnatal exposure to antibiotics and risk of asthma in childhood Clinical & Experimental Allergy, June 19, 2014    Clinical Article

12 Treatment of mycoplasma pneumonia: a systematic review Pediatrics, June 11, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine    Review Article    Clinical Article

13 High doses of methylprednisolone in the management of caustic esophageal burns Pediatrics, June 9, 2014    Clinical Article

14 Omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids for extremely preterm infants: a systematic review Pediatrics, June 13, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine    Review Article

15 Nutrition therapy during initiation of refeeding in underweight children and adolescent inpatients with anorexia nervosa: A systematic review of the evidence Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, June 4, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine    Review Article

16 Ten-year review reveals changing trends and severity of allergic reactions to nuts and other foods Full Text Acta Pediatrica, May 14, 2014    Free full text    Review Article

17 Rotavirus vaccines and health care utilization for diarrhea in the United States (2007–2011) Pediatrics, June 12, 2014    Clinical Article

18 Early treatment with corticosteroids in patients with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia: A randomized clinical trial Full Text Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, April 11, 2014    Free full text    Clinical Article
Exclusive Author Commentary

19 Stimulant treatment of ADHD and cigarette smoking: a meta-analysis Pediatrics, June 3, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine    Review Article

20 Persistence of bactericidal antibodies to 5 years of age after immunization with serogroup b meningococcal vaccines at 6, 8, 12 and 40 months of age The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, June 17, 2014    Clinical Article

Indexed Journals in Pediatrics: Pediatrics International, Journal of Pediatrics, Current Pediatricsmore

Register now to view all the MDLinx contents (FREE)!

  • Stay current on the latest literature, research and clinical news
  • Get special communications and offers from MDLinx and our sponsors
  • Receive invitations to paid market research
View Samples and Register

Connect with us, stay current.

Receive the latest mecial news
updates for free via email

Sign up!

Subscribe to our free RSS feeds:

Get the latest news in your specialty automatically added to your newsreader or your personal My Yahoo!, Google, My MSN or My AOL page. Learn More

Close