Clot Dissolution: A Novel Treatment of Midgut Volvulus

Pediatrics, 06/08/2012

Kiely EM et al. – The authors describe a new combined treatment to restore intestinal perfusion based on digital massage of the superior mesenteric vessels after derotation and systemic infusion of tissue–type plasminogen activator. This new therapy has been successful in 2 neonates with severe intestinal ischemia due to volvulus.

  • Midgut volvulus due to malrotation may result in loss of the small bowel. Until now, after derotation of the volvulus, pediatric surgeons do not deal with the mesenteric thrombosis, which causes continuing ischemia of the intestine.
  • On occasion, a “second look” laparotomy is performed in the hope that some improvement in blood supply to the intestine has occurred.

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