Emergence and Nature of Mathematical Difficulties in Young Children with Barth Syndrome

Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 05/15/2012

Math difficulties reported earlier for school–aged boys with Barth syndrome (BTHS) are not evident in preschool but appear to emerge by kindergarten. Importantly, kindergartners with BTHS do not demonstrate deficits in early number sense that implicate mathematics learning disability (MLD). Preliminary data suggest that executive functions may underlie or mediate math performance of the few boys with BTHS who are deficient in mathematics, suggesting that BTHS is associated with math difficulties but not math learning disability.

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