Inhaled nitric oxide use in newborns

Paediatrics & Child Health, 02/28/2012

Current evidence shows that iNO improves oxygenation and decreases the combined outcome of death or need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in infants >35 weeks' gestational age at birth. Its role in managing preterm infants <35 weeks' gestational age is not yet established. iNO is safe when administered in tertiary care settings using strict protocols and monitoring. The recommended starting dose is 20 ppm with gradual reduction of the dose following improvement in oxygenation.

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