1Cost savings of human milk as a strategy to reduce the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight infantsNeonatology  Clinical Article
2Relation between vitamin D status and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in childrenJournal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition  Clinical Article
3Moisture damage and asthma: a birth cohort studyPediatrics  Clinical Article
4Sodium and sugar in complementary infant and toddler foods sold in the United StatesPediatrics  Clinical Article
5Youth tobacco product use in the United StatesPediatrics  Clinical Article
6Noninvasive ventilation strategies for early treatment of RDS in preterm infants: An RCTPediatrics  Clinical Article
7Identifying faecal impaction is important for ensuring the timely diagnosis of childhood functional constipationActa Pediatrica  Clinical Article
8Incidence and morbidity of urinary tract infection in a prospective cohort of childrenActa Pediatrica  Clinical Article
9Dog and cat exposure and respective pet allergy in early childhoodPediatric Allergy and Immunology  Clinical Article
10Febrile seizures following measles and varicella vaccines in young children in AustraliaVaccine  Clinical Article
11.1 billion people at risk of hearing lossWHO news
2WHO calls for worldwide use of "smart" syringesWHO news
3Do genes play a role in peanut allergies? New study suggests yesJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
4Teens increasingly sleep deprivedColumbia University's Mailman School of Public Health News
5NYU study identifies teens at-risk for synthetic marijuana useNew York University News
6New peanut allergy test goes beyond scratching the surfaceUniversity of Connecticut Health News
7Impact of a supermarket on children's dietsNYU Langone Medical Center
8Crohn's disease not exempt from racial disparitiesNationwide Children's Hospital
9New study shows decreased aggressive behavior toward strangers in autism spectrum disorder modelScripps Research Institute News
10Half a million children predicted to die from smoking as MPs head toward a vote on standard cig packsCancer Research UK News

Show Me:

Narrow-spectrum antibiotics recommended for CAP in children

As reported in Pediatrics, narrow-spectrum antibiotics yielded similar outcomes in children with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) to broad-spectrum antibiotics. The study was conducted in 4 hospital and involved 492 patients between 2 months and 18 years with a discharge diagnosis of CAP. Other than a 10-hour decrease in length of stay in the narrow-spectrum antibiotic groups, the outcomes were similar between the narrow- and broad-spectrum antibiotic groups.

Cortisol as a biomarker of obstructive sleep apnea

As reported in Pediatric Pulmonology, salivary cortisol has an increased diurnal variation in children with mild or moderate-to-severe obstructive sleep apnea, while no changes in α-amylase were detected.

5-HT levels elevated in autism

As reported in European Neuropsychopharmacology, based on a meta-analysis of 22 studies, serotonin (5-HT) levels are significantly elevated in the whole blood of children with autism (OR = 4.6).

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Clinical Pearls

Clinical Pearl from Smartest DocIntensification of chemotherapies in pediatric ALL does not necessarily improve EFS.

Clinical Pearl from Smartest DocMetformin may induce weight loss in obese children with hyperinsulinemia by changing perceptions of hunger and fullness.

Clinical Pearl from Smartest DocPeripheral metabolism of adrenal androgen precursors may be required for any androgenic effects in premature adrenarche.

The Top Read Articles of 2014 are Now Available

Scouring thousands of peer-reviewed journals and popular press, Our Editors just released the Top Read Articles of the Year. See the Top Read List