First robotic tracheal intubations in humans using the Kepler intubation system Full Text
British Journal of Anesthesia, 04/12/2012
Hemmerling TM et al. – The authors present the first human testing of a robotic intubation system for oral tracheal intubation. The success rate was high at 91%. Future studies are needed to assess the performance and safety of such a system.Methods
- In this pilot study, 12 patients were enrolled after approval of the local Ethics board and written informed consent.
- The KIS consists of four main components: a ThrustMaster T.Flight Hotas X joystick (Guillemot Inc., New York, NY, USA), a JACO robotic arm (Kinova Rehab, Montreal, QC, Canada), a Pentax AWS video laryngoscope (Ambu A/S, Ballerup, Denmark), and a software control system.
- The joystick allows simulation of the wrist or arm movements of a human operator.
- The success rate of intubation and intubation times were measured.
- Eleven men and one woman aged 66 yr were included in this study.
- Intubation was successful in all but one patient using KIS at a total time of [median (inter-quartile range; range)] 93 (87, 109; 76, 153) s; in one patient, fogging of the video laryngoscope prevented intubation using KIS.