Trunk lean gait modification and knee joint load in people with medial knee osteoarthritis: The effect of varying trunk lean angles
Arthritis Care & Research , 05/07/2012
Simic M et al. – Increased trunk lean reduced medial knee load in a dose–response manner. Slightly later achievement of peak trunk lean improved the load–modifying effect of this gait strategy. No immediate symptomatic changes were identified. Future research should determine if longer–term implementation of this gait strategy is feasible and whether it can modify disease symptoms and osteoarthritis (OA) progression.Methods
- Participants with medial knee OA (n=22) underwent 3–dimensional gait analysis (8–camera VICON, 3 AMTI force platforms) to measure KAM peaks (early and late stance) and KAM impulse.
- Following analysis of natural gait, participants were trained to lean their trunk towards the symptomatic limb during ipsilateral stance over three randomly ordered conditions (6°, 9° and 12° lean).
- A projection screen displayed real–time trunk angles and target levels. Pain/discomfort in the knees, the hip and back were measured across conditions.
- Load modifying effects of increasing lean magnitudes were investigated using linear mixed models.
- Mediating effects of peak lean timing and participant characteristics (pain and malalignment) were evaluated.
- Increased trunk lean reduced all KAM measures (p<0.001), with larger lean angles achieving greater reductions.
- Efficacy of load–reduction improved with later peak lean timing for all measures of the KAM.
- Participant characteristics did not mediate the effect of trunk lean on the KAM and symptoms did not change across conditions (p>0.05).