A Randomized, Pilot Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Curcumin in Patients with Active Rheumatoid Arthritis
Phytotherapy Research,  Clinical Article

Chandran B et al. – The study provides the first evidence for the safety and superiority of curcumin treatment in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and highlights the need for future large–scale trials to validate these findings in patients with RA and other arthritic conditions.

Methods
  • Forty–five patients diagnosed with RA were randomized into three groups with patients receiving curcumin (500 mg) and diclofenac sodium (50 mg) alone or their combination.
  • The primary endpoints were reduction in Disease Activity Score (DAS) 28.
  • The secondary endpoints included American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria for reduction in tenderness and swelling of joint scores.

Results
  • Patients in all three treatment groups showed statistically significant changes in their DAS scores.
  • Interestingly, the curcumin group showed the highest percentage of improvement in overall DAS and ACR scores (ACR 20, 50 and 70) and these scores were significantly better than the patients in the diclofenac sodium group.
  • More importantly, curcumin treatment was found to be safe and did not relate with any adverse events.

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