Distinct impacts of syndesmophyte formation on male and female patients with ankylosing spondylitis
International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases, 04/19/2012Huang WN et al.
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients with syndesmophytes experienced imbalance of bone metabolism due to inflammatory cytokine release. Male AS patients had high levels of bone resorption markers, cytokines and adhesion molecules, reflecting a disorder of bone metabolism.
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