Residential radon exposure, histologic types, and lung cancer risk. A case-control study in Galicia, Spain Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, 05/11/2012
Barros-Dios JM et al. – The presence of airborne radon even at low concentrations poses a risk of developing lung cancer, with tobacco habit increasing considerably this risk. Methods
- A hospital-based case–control design was conducted in two Spanish hospitals.
- Consecutive cases with histologic diagnosis of lung cancer and controls undergoing trivial surgery not tobacco-related were included.
- Residential radon was measured using standard procedures.
- Results were obtained using logistic regression.
- Three hundred and forty-nine cases and 513 controls were included.
- Radon exposure posed a risk even with a low exposure, with those exposed to 50 to 100 Bq/m3 having an OR of 1.87 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.21–2.88] and of 2.21 (95% CI, 1.33–3.69) for those exposed to 148 Bq/m3 or more.
- Tobacco increased appreciably the risk posed by radon, with an OR of 73 (95% CI, 19.88–268.14) for heavy smokers exposed to more than 147 Bq/m3.
- Less frequent histologic types (including large cell carcinomas), followed by small cell lung cancer, had the highest risk associated with radon exposure.