Cisplatin monotherapy effective in pediatric high-risk hepatoblastoma
As reported in the Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, treatment of children with high-risk hepatoblastoma (n=14) with cisplatin monotherapy was as effective as cisplatin + doxorubicin combination therapy, but with less toxicity. The complete resection rate was 78.6%, the event-free survival rate was 81.8%, and the OS rate was 100%.
CTC count predicts survival in mBC
As reported in The Lancet Oncology, circulating tumor cell (CTC) quantification in patients (20 studies; n = 1944) with metastatic breast cancer (mBC) predicts progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS), especially when coupled with clinicopathologic data. A CTC count ≥ 5/7.5 mL at baseline is associated with decreased PFS (HR = 1.92) and OS (HR = 2.78). An elevated CTC count 3-5 weeks and 6-8 weeks after treatment commences is also associated with decreased PFS (HR = 1.85 and 2.20) and OS (HR = 2.26 and 2.91).
Increased incidence of second primary cancers in patients with salivary gland tumors
As reported in JAMA—Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, patients with salivary gland tumors have an increased risk of second primary tumors and newly developed cancers. Specifically, the cumulative 2-, 5-, and 10-year rates for second primary cancers are 4.4%, 8.3%, and 12.4%, respectively. Similarly, the cumulative 2-, 5-, and 10-year rates for newly diagnosed cancers are 1.1%, 3.4%, and 10.5%, respectively.