Immunophenotype of small intestinal adenocarcinoma predicts survival
As reported in the European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology & Reproductive Biology, levels of the adipokine, apelin, are decreased in women with PCOS (n=45) compared to healthy controls. Apelin levels are positively correlated with BMI, insulin levels, triglycerides levels, free testosterone levels, the Ferriman-Gallwey score, and the HOMA index. Apelin levels are negatively correlated with HDL levels.
Cisplatin monotherapy effective in pediatric high-risk hepatoblastoma
As reported in the Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, treatment of children with high-risk hepatoblastoma (n=14) with cisplatin monotherapy was as effective as cisplatin + doxorubicin combination therapy, but with less toxicity. The complete resection rate was 78.6%, the event-free survival rate was 81.8%, and the OS rate was 100%.
Increased incidence of second primary cancers in patients with salivary gland tumors
As reported in JAMA—Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, patients with salivary gland tumors have an increased risk of second primary tumors and newly developed cancers. Specifically, the cumulative 2-, 5-, and 10-year rates for second primary cancers are 4.4%, 8.3%, and 12.4%, respectively. Similarly, the cumulative 2-, 5-, and 10-year rates for newly diagnosed cancers are 1.1%, 3.4%, and 10.5%, respectively.