Combined hepatocellular carcinoma-cholangiocarcinoma: Report of MR appearance in eleven patients
Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 07/11/2012
de Campos ROP et al. – Combined hepatocellular–cholangiocarcinoma (cHCC–CC) presents most commonly as a single mass. Five of 11 had MR findings of cirrhosis. Clues to the diagnosis were moderately high signal on T2, portions of tumor that show progressive enhancement/contrast retention, and frequent lack of capsule. Early enhancement patterns included early ring–enhancement and diffuse heterogeneous enhancement.