The impact of initial gefitinib or erlotinib versus chemotherapy on central nervous system progression in advanced non-small cell lung cancer with EGFR mutations
Clinical Cancer Research, 06/27/2012
Heon S et al. – Our data demonstrate lower rates of CNS progression in EGFR mutant advanced NSCLC patients initially treated with an EGFR-TKI compared with upfront chemotherapy. If validated, our results suggest that gefitinib and erlotinib may have a role in the chemoprevention of CNS metastases from NSCLC.Methods
- Patients with stage IV or relapsed NSCLC with a sensitizing EGFR mutation initially treated with gefitinib, erlotinib or chemotherapy were identified.
- The cumulative risk of CNS progression was calculated using death as a competing risk.
- One hundred and fifty-five patients were eligible (EGFR-TKI: 101, chemotherapy: 54).
- Twenty-four patients (24%) in the EGFR-TKI group and 12 patients (22%) in the chemotherapy group had brain metastases at the time of diagnosis of advanced NSCLC (P=1.000); 32 of the 36 received CNS therapy before initiating systemic treatment.
- Thirty-three patients (33%) in the EGFR-TKI group and 26 patients (48%) in the chemotherapy group developed CNS progression after a median follow-up of 25 months.
- The 6-, 12-, and 24-month cumulative risk of CNS progression was 1%, 6%, and 21% in the EGFR-TKI group compared with corresponding rates of 7%, 19%, and 32% in the chemotherapy group (P=0.026).
- The hazard ratio of CNS progression for upfront EGFR-TKI versus chemotherapy was 0.56 (95% confidence interval, 0.34 to 0.94).