Comparison of breast and cervical cancer screening utilization among rural and urban Hispanic and American Indian women in the Southwestern United States
Cancer Causes and Control, 06/26/2012
Nuno T et al. – Our results provide some evidence that Hispanic and AI women that reside in rural areas of the Southwestern United States have lower rates of breast and cervical cancer screening use compared with their urban counterparts. Special efforts are needed to identify ways to overcome barriers to breast and cervical cancer screening for rural Hispanic and AI women.Methods
- This study utilizes Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data from 2006 to 2008 for Arizona and New Mexico.
- The BRFSS is a federally funded telephone survey to collect data on risk factors contributing to the leading causes of death and chronic diseases.
- Rural Hispanic and AI populations reported some differences in screening rates compared with their urban counterparts.
- Among Hispanic women, 58 % of rural residents reported having had a mammogram within the past year, compared with 66 % of urban residents.
- Among AI women, 81 % of rural residents had ever had a mammogram, compared with 89 % of urban residents.
- Rural AI women were less likely to have ever had a mammogram (OR = 0.5; 95 % CI = 0.3–0.9) compared with urban AI women.
- Rural Hispanic women were less likely to have had a mammogram within 1 year (OR = 0.7; 95 % CI = 0.5–0.9) compared with urban Hispanic women.
- Results suggest that rural Hispanic women were less likely to have had a Pap smear within 3 years (OR = 0.7; 95 % CI = 0.4–1.3) compared with urban Hispanic women.