IGKV3 proteins as candidate "off-the-shelf" vaccines for kappa-light chain-restricted B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas
Clinical Cancer Research, 08/21/2012
Mortorelli D et al. – These results provide the rationale to exploit IGKV3 proteins as off-the-shelf vaccines for a large fraction of lymphoma patients.Methods
- The immunogenic properties of clonal IGKV3-20 and IGKV3-15 proteins were analyzed with particular focus on their ability to elicit cross-reactive responses against molecularly related IGKV proteins expressed by different B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders.
- IGK+ lymphoma patients show humoral and T cell responses to IGKV3-20 and IGKV3-15 proteins and IGKV3-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) can be easily induced ex vivo. IGKV3-20-specific CTLs cross-react against different IGKV3 proteins, an effect mediated by the presence of 21 shared, sometimes promiscuous, T-cell epitopes, presented by common HLA class I allele products, thus assuring a broad HLA coverage of IGKV3-based vaccines.
- Many natural epitope variants are carried by IGK light chains expressed by a broad spectrum of B-NHLs and we show that IGKV3-20-specific CTLs cross-react also against several of these variant epitopes.
- Both humoral and CTL specific responses were induced by KLH-conjugated IGKV3-20 protein in HLA-A2-transgenic mice and co-injection of IGKV3-20-specific CTLs with IGKV3-20+ or IGKV3-15+ lymphoma cells into SCID mice totally prevented tumor growth, thus confirming the ability of these effectors to mediate efficient and cross-reactive cytotoxic responses also in vivo.