Second tumors in pediatric patients treated with radiotherapy to the central nervous system
American Journal of Clinical Oncology, 05/24/2012
Galloway TJ et al. – The risk of second tumors after CNS radiation is significant and does not plateau with long-term follow-up. Most second tumors after radiotherapy for solid CNS tumors are meningiomas that can be successfully salvaged.Methods
- We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 370 consecutive pediatric patients with solid tumors and leukemia treated at the University of Florida from 1963 to 2006 with curative CNS radiotherapy.
- The median age was 8.1 years (range, 0.2 to 19.0 y).
- One hundred seventy-two (47%), 79 (21%), and 119 (32%) patients received focal, whole-brain, and craniospinal irradiation, respectively.
- Variables analyzed for prognostic value included primary tumor histology, patient age at primary treatment, volume of tissue irradiated, dose to the tumor bed, treatment with chemotherapy, and location of the primary tumor.
- Eighteen second tumors were diagnosed in 16 patients.
- The actuarial incidences of second tumors were 3%, 8%, and 24% at 10, 20, and 30 years of follow-up, respectively.
- On univariate analysis, no single variable was found to be predictive of second tumor incidence.
- The most common second tumor after radiation for a primary solid CNS tumor was meningioma (63%), for which successful salvage was common (89%).
- Second gliomas were most common among patients treated for leukemia and were uniformly fatal.
- The most common cause of death among 5-year survivors was late relapse of their primary tumor.