Prognostic significance of non-muscle-invasive bladder tumor history in patients with upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma
Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations, 04/25/2012
Milojevic B et al. – Patients with previous history of non–muscle–invasive bladder cancer had a higher risk of having multifocal and upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) with higher tumor stages. History of bladder tumor was an independent predictor of bladder cancer recurrence but had no effect on non–bladder recurrence, and cancer–specific survival in patients who underwent surgical treatment of UTUC.