Cetuximab in non-small-cell lung cancer

Translational Lung Cancer Research, 03/23/2012

A meta–analysis of four randomized trials confirmed the efficacy of cetuximab when added to chemotherapy. EGFR expression levels based on an immunohistochemistry score have recently been shown to predict benefit from cetuximab in the FLEX trial. In patients with high EGFR expression, patients had prolonged survival when treated with chemotherapy plus cetuximab compared to chemotherapy alone. In patients with low EGFR expression, outcome was not different between the two treatment arms. Thus platinum–based chemotherapy combined with cetuximab represents a new treatment option for patients with advanced NSCLC and high EGFR expression in their tumors. Cetuximab is also evaluated in combination with chemoradiotherapy in patients with stage III NSCLC.

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