Loss of PTEN expression portends poor prognosis in IPMNs of the pancreas
As reported in Clinical Cancer Research, loss of PTEN in intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) of the pancreas (n=36) is associated with invasiveness and poor survival.
YKL-40 predicts poor prognosis for bladder cancer
As reported in Urologic Oncology, the gene expression and serum level of YKL-40 are higher in patients with bladder cancer than healthy controls. Serum YKL-40 levels predict poor prognosis in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (HR=1.75).
VPAC1 overexpression associated with colon cancer aggression
As reported in Tumor Biology, VPAC1 expression is increased in poorly differentiated compared to well-differentiated colon cancer. VPAC1 expression is also increased in the blood vessels and macrophages adjacent to colon cancer tissues compared to healthy tissues. The overexpression of VPAC1 is related to EGFR overexpression.