Gershenson dm – this article details the diagnosis and optimal treatment of ovarian cancers subtypes in young women.
- ovarian cancer accounts for approximately 22,000 cases annually in the united states.
- although the vast majority of ovarian cancers occur in postmenopausal women and are of advanced stage, a significant subset occurs in young women.
- among those subtypes having a predisposition for young women are malignant ovarian germ cell tumors, sex cord–stromal ovarian tumors, and tumors of low malignant potential.
- however, invasive epithelial ovarian cancers may also occur in young women, particularly the subtypes of low–grade serous carcinoma and mucinous carcinoma.