Kobayashi E et al. – While complications are inevitable, even in the hands of the most skilled surgeon, they can be minimized without conversion to laparotomy by a sufficiently developed suturing technique and a precise knowledge of pelvic anatomy. The presented data indicate that the method allows for safe TLH and minimization of ureteral injury, without the use of stringent exclusion criteria.Methods
- A retrospective study was carried out at Kurashiki Medical Center, Japan, based on 1253 TLH procedures performed from January 2005 to March 2009.
- They reviewed records to identify the major perioperative complications, including bladder, ureteral, and intestinal injuries, and incidences of reoperation.
- Risk factors for major complications were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression models.
- A total of 24 patients encountered major complications (1.91%).
- Complications included 10 intraoperative urologic injuries, five cases of postoperative hydronephrosis, five cases of vaginal dehiscence, one bowel injury, one postoperative hemorrhage, one bowel obstruction, and one ureterovaginal fistula.
- All 11 cases of intraoperative visceral injury were recognized during the surgery and repaired during the same laparoscopic surgical procedure.
- Of the risk factors analyzed, a history of abdominal surgery was the only one associated with the occurrence of major complications, with an odds ratio of 2.48 (95% confidence interval 1.23–6.49).