Midwives' verbal support of nulliparous women in second-stage labor

Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 05/01/2013

This study aimed to describe how nurse–midwives verbally support nulliparous women during second–stage labor and document specific details of each second stage. Nurse–midwives use a range of verbal support strategies to guide the second stage. Directive support was relatively uncommon. Most verbal support instead affirmed a woman's ability to follow her own body's lead in second–stage labor, with or without epidural.

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