Fetal growth: a review of terms, concepts and issues relevant to obstetrics

Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology, 05/31/2012

This article discusses fetal growth from an obstetric perspective and addresses various issues including the physiologic mechanisms that determine fetal growth trajectories, known risk factors for abnormal fetal growth, diagnostic and prognostic issues related to restricted and excessive growth and temporal trends in fetal growth. Also addressed are distinctions between fetal growth ‘standards’ and fetal growth ‘references’, and between fetal growth charts based on estimated fetal weight versus those based on birth weight.

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