Total laparoscopic hysterectomy in 1253 patients using an early ureteral identification technique

Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, 05/18/2012

While complications are inevitable, even in the hands of the most skilled surgeon, they can be minimized without conversion to laparotomy by a sufficiently developed suturing technique and a precise knowledge of pelvic anatomy. The presented data indicate that the method allows for safe TLH and minimization of ureteral injury, without the use of stringent exclusion criteria.

Methods

  • A retrospective study was carried out at Kurashiki Medical Center, Japan, based on 1253 TLH procedures performed from January 2005 to March 2009.
  • They reviewed records to identify the major perioperative complications, including bladder, ureteral, and intestinal injuries, and incidences of reoperation.
  • Risk factors for major complications were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression models.

Results

  • A total of 24 patients encountered major complications (1.91%).
  • Complications included 10 intraoperative urologic injuries, five cases of postoperative hydronephrosis, five cases of vaginal dehiscence, one bowel injury, one postoperative hemorrhage, one bowel obstruction, and one ureterovaginal fistula.
  • All 11 cases of intraoperative visceral injury were recognized during the surgery and repaired during the same laparoscopic surgical procedure.
  • Of the risk factors analyzed, a history of abdominal surgery was the only one associated with the occurrence of major complications, with an odds ratio of 2.48 (95% confidence interval 1.23–6.49).

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