Racial Disparities in Perinatal Outcomes Among Women with Gestational Diabetes
Journal of Women's Health, 05/09/2012Berggren EK et al.
Authors report differences between Hispanic and Caucasian women with GDM. Treatment to achieve glycemic control and reduce adverse outcomes may differ by race/ethnicity.
They conducted a 14–year retrospective cohort study of women with GDM. Selected perinatal outcomes were examined.
Unadjusted and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR, aPR) of perinatal outcomes, comparing Hispanic and African American women with Caucasian women, were calculated.
Hispanics comprised 54% of the 1018 woman cohort. Half received medical management of GDM (52%), more than African Americans (45%) or Caucasians (39%)(p<0.05).
Compared with Caucasians, Hispanics had fewer deliveries <37 weeks (aPR 0.58, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.42–0.81), less gestational hypertension (aPR 0.43, 95% CI 0.22–0.83), larger median birth weight infants (3453g vs 3291g, p<0.05), and greater risk of shoulder dystocia (aPR 3.52, 95% CI 1.30–9.50).
Hispanic women had fewer adverse outcomes overall compared with Caucasian or African American women.
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