Pelvic floor muscle training to improve urinary incontinence in young, nulliparous sport students: a pilot study

International Urogynecology Journal, 05/07/2012

PFMT increased PFM strength and reduced frequency and amount of UI episodes in sport students that completed an 8–week PFMT program. Randomized controlled trials are warranted to confirm these results.


  • Sixteen sport students with UI participated in this pre–post test pilot study.
  • However, only seven of them, mean age 20.0±0.8 years, completed the 8–week program.
  • Activity level was measured by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire–Short Form (IPAQ–SF).
  • The outcome measure was the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire–Short Form (ICIQ UI SF).
  • PFM strength was measured by manometry as maximum voluntary contraction (MVC).


  • Vaginal resting pressure improved by 17.4 cmH2O (SD 6.7), p=0.04 and MVC by 16.4 cmH2O (SD 5.8), p=0.04. ICIQ UI SF score, frequency, and amount of leakage showed statistically significant improvement.

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