Intradetrusor versus suburothelial onabotulinumtoxinA injections for neurogenic detrusor overactivity: a pilot study
Spinal Cord, 08/03/2012
Krhut J et al. – Results in both groups were comparable. The authors favour suburothelial onabotulinumtoxinA injection because this method allows more precise toxin localisation.Methods
- A total of 32 spinal cord injury patients with severe NDO refractory to the standard anticholinergic treatment were randomised to receive either intradetrusor or suburothelial 300IU onabotulinumtoxinA injections.
- Subjective satisfaction, bladder diary data and urodynamic data were compared in both groups before treatment and at 3 months post treatment.
- In all, 64.3% patients in the intradetrusor group and 88.8% patients in the suburothelial group were subjectively satisfied with the treatment.
- There was a significant post-treatment improvement in both groups regarding the number of catheterisations over 24h, number of incontinence episodes over 24h, catheterised volume, cystometric capacity, volume at first involuntary detrusor contraction, maximal detrusor pressure during filling and detrusor compliance.
- No significant differences between the groups were observed, with the exception of improvement of detrusor compliance, which was better in the intradetrusor group.
- There was one adverse effect comprising transient muscle weakness that was reported by one patient in the intradetrusor group.