Differences in physical activity patterns in patients with spondyloarthritis
Arthritis Care & Research , 06/29/2012
Haglund E et al. – Seven out of ten patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA) met the WHO recommendations of physical activity for health,but the authors found gender and disease subtype differences. This information can be useful in clinical practice when coaching patients to a healthier lifestyle.Methods
- In 2009 a questionnaire including questions concerning physical activity was sent to patients with a SpA diagnosis (n=3711).
- The WHO “Global recommendations of physical activity for health” requiring 150 min of moderate–intensity (MI–PA) or 75 min of vigorous–intensity physical activity (VI–PA)/week was used as recommended levels.
- Standardised risk ratios (RR) were calculated by using physical activity data from the Swedish population.
- The association within the SpA group between gender, age, disease related variables, anxiety, depression and meeting recommended levels of MI–PA and VI–PA (dependent variables) was studied with multivariate analysis.
- 2167 patients with SpA (48% men, mean age 55, SD 14 years) responded to the questionnaire.
- 68% met the WHO recommendations, more frequently in women than in men (70% vs. 66%).
- The recommendations were more often met in the SpA group (RR 1.09 (CI 95% 1.04–1.15) compared with the Swedish population.
- There was a tendency that young women met the WHO recommendations less often than the Swedish population (RR 0.94 (CI 95% 0.63–1.25).
- Different factors were found to influence if the patients were exercising on a moderate or on a vigorous intensity.