Energy distribution patterns in Australia and its relationship to age, gender and body mass index among children and adults
Nutrition & Dietetics,

Fayet F et al. – A high proportion of energy was consumed at ‘dinner’, but snacks were also an important source of energy intake. A variety of energy distribution patterns appear to be moderated by age. Older children consumed significantly less at breakfast and more snacks than younger children. In contrast, older adults consumed more energy at breakfast and less as snacks compared with younger adults. The findings indicate some key messages for informing primary prevention strategies among specific age groups including the need to attain a more even distribution of energy throughout the day.

Methods
  • Dietary data collected via 24-hour recalls during the 1995 National Nutrition Survey (n = 10 851 adults) and the 2007 National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (4837 = children) were analysed.
  • Percentage of total energy intake was tabulated according to time, eating occasions, body mass index, age and gender.

Results
  • The Australians consumed three main meals and two to three snacks, with the highest energy intake at ‘dinner’.
  • Among children, ‘breakfast’ accounted for 15% of the energy, ‘lunch’ 19%, ‘dinner’ 30% and ‘snacks’ 35%.
  • For adults, energy from ‘breakfast’ was 14%, ‘lunch’ 21%, ‘dinner’ 37% and ‘snacks’ 28%. Younger children and older adults consumed a lower per cent energy during the later part of the day.
  • No difference in energy distribution was observed by gender. No difference in body mass index was observed for children and inconsistent differences were seen for adults.

Please login or register to follow this author.
Are you sure you want to Unfollow this Author?
► Click here to access PubMed, Publisher and related articles...
<< Previous Article | Next Article >>

Your Unread Messages in Nursing

See All >> Messages include industry-sponsored communications and special communications from MDLinx

Most Popular Nursing Articles

1 Tea consumption and leukemia risk: A meta-analysis Tumor Biology, February 12, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine    Clinical Article

2 Effect of a low-flatulogenic diet in patients with flatulence and functional digestive symptoms Neurogastroenterology & Motility, February 25, 2014    Clinical Article
Exclusive Author Commentary

3 Egg consumption and insulin metabolism in the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study (IRAS) Public Health Nutrition, June 24, 2014    Clinical Article

4 Nut consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and all-cause mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, June 4, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine    Review Article

5 Low-dose rapamycin (sirolimus) effects in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease: An open-label randomized controlled pilot study Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, May 23, 2014    Clinical Article

6 Long-term associations of nut consumption with body weight and obesity American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, June 23, 2014    Clinical Article

7 Yogurt consumption and impact on health: focus on children and cardiometabolic risk American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, March 21, 2014    Review Article

8 Fruits and vegetables consumption and risk of stroke Stroke, May 28, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine

9 A review of the effects of nuts on appetite, food intake, metabolism, and body weight American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, June 26, 2014    Review Article

10 Consumption of fruits, vegetables, and seaweeds (sea vegetables) and pancreatic cancer risk: The Ohsaki Cohort Study Cancer Epidemiology, May 5, 2014    Clinical Article

11 Tea, coffee, and caffeine and early-onset basal cell carcinoma in a case–control study European Journal of Cancer Prevention, June 5, 2014    Clinical Article

12 Prognostic markers of sarcoidosis: An analysis of patients from everyday pneumological practice The Clinical Respiratory Journal, May 14, 2014    Clinical Article

13 Coffee consumption and prostate cancer risk: An updated meta-analysis Cancer Causes and Control, March 3, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine    Clinical Article

14 Meta-analysis of prospective studies on the effects of nut consumption on hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus Journal of Diabetes, June 10, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine

15 Fish consumption, sleep, daily functioning, and heart rate variability Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, June 12, 2014    Clinical Article

16 Consumption of nuts and legumes and risk of incident ischemic heart disease, stroke, and diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, June 19, 2014    Evidence Based Medicine    Review Article

17 High-dose vitamin D supplementation and measures of insulin sensitivity in polycystic ovary syndrome: A randomized, controlled pilot trial Fertility and Sterility, May 6, 2014    Clinical Article

18 Suicide mortality in relation to dietary intake of n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids and fish: Equivocal findings from 3 large US cohort studies American Journal of Epidemiology, May 12, 2014    Clinical Article

19 Antibiotic prophylaxis for ED patients with simple hand lacerations: a feasibility randomized controlled trial The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, May 19, 2014    Clinical Article

20 Low vitamin D levels linked to disease in two big studies The New York Times, April 2, 2014

Indexed Journals in Nursing: Journal of Advanced Nursing, Journal of Clinical Nursing, Nurse Education In Practicemore

Register now to view all the MDLinx contents (FREE)!

  • Stay current on the latest literature, research and clinical news
  • Get special communications and offers from MDLinx and our sponsors
  • Receive invitations to paid market research
View Samples and Register

Connect with us, stay current.

Receive the latest mecial news
updates for free via email

Sign up!

Subscribe to our free RSS feeds:

Get the latest news in your specialty automatically added to your newsreader or your personal My Yahoo!, Google, My MSN or My AOL page. Learn More

Close