Vitamin K intake and status are low in hemodialysis patients
Kidney International, 05/31/2012
Cranenburg ECM et al. – Non–carboxylated bone and coagulation proteins were found to be elevated in 33 hemodialysis patients, indicating subclinical hepatic vitamin K deficiency. Additionally, very high non–carboxylated matrix γ–carboxyglutamate 28 protein levels, endemic to all patients, suggest vascular vitamin K deficiency.